The Value of Coal Combustion Products: An Economic Assessment of CCP Utilization for the U.S. Economy

The American Coal Council and author John Ward published "The Value of Coal Combustion Products: An Economic Assessment of CCP Utilization for the U.S. Economy" on January 20, 2010.
Executive Summary
Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) - including fly ash, bottom ash, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) material - represent a strategic resource for the United States that has been steadily growing in utilization since the 1950's. 
CCPs are produced during the generation of electricity at coal-fueled power plants. In 2008, 136.1 million tons of CCPs were produced in the United States- of which 44.5% was utilized in a beneficial manner. The largest portion was fly ash, accounting for 72.5 million tons, 41.6% of which was beneficially used. 
This study identifies the following annual economic benefits from the utilization of these materials as an alternative to disposing of them as waste: 
Revenues for the Sale of CCPs for Utilization          $1,028,761,000
Avoided Costs of Disposal                                    $412,800,000
Savings from Use as Sustainable Building Materials   $ 5,000,000,000 to $10,000,000,000
Total Economic Impact $6.4 Billion to $11.4 Billion   
Utilization of CCPs also creates significant annual environmenal benefits such as the reduction in energy consumption commensurate with the energy consumed by 1.7 million homes, water savings equal to 31% of the annual domestic water use in California, and reduction in greenhouse gas emissions comparable to removing 2 million automobiles from the roadway. 
The remainder of this study discusses the history, characteristics, production and handling of coal combustion products. It includes descriptions of the myriad of the beneficial uses and product standards for the materials. Finally, this study discusses the outlook for future utilization of this resource based on emerging technology and regulatory factors that could help - or harm- one of the nation's largest recycling success stories.   
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