• strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/smartash/public_html/modules/acquia/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home/smartash/public_html/modules/acquia/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 744.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/smartash/public_html/modules/acquia/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/smartash/public_html/modules/acquia/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/smartash/public_html/modules/acquia/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 159.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/smartash/public_html/modules/acquia/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 24.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/smartash/public_html/modules/acquia/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/smartash/public_html/modules/acquia/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.

March 2009

Fly Ash Landfill & Production and Use of Coal Combustion Products Diagram

 Is Fly Ash Landfilled?

Although the chemical and physical properties of fly ash make it ideal for a variety of beneficial applications, it must compete against other inexpensive bulk materials such as sand and gravel, and therefore is economic only where transportation and handling costs can be kept low. As a result about 60% of the fly ash produced in the United States is not recycled for commercial use, but rather is placed in specially designed, permitted landfills.

Environmental & Health Concerns

Groundwater/Surface Water

Several studies over the past 15 years have shown that the use of coal combustion products in construction projects has resulted in little to no impact on groundwater and surface water quality, but some precautions are necessary. The use of engineering standards and guidelines will help ensure that the use of coal combustion products does not negatively impact the environment.

What is the EPA's Position on Fly Ash?

 Does the EPA Consider Fly Ash a Hazardous Waste?
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has reviewed extensive studies on fly ash for health and environmental risks and has examined coal ash samples collected from power plants around the country. In 1993, the agency determined that power plant coal ash is nonhazardous and should be regulated accordingly.
Does the EPA Endorse the Use of Fly Ash?

Common Uses of Fly Ash

Historical Uses of Fly Ash